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Greece

General Information

Admission to the OSCE:  25 June 1973

Policing overview:  The Hellenic Police operates under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Interior.


Hellenic Police

1. General information
2. Functions and missions
3. Structure and organization
4. Staff data
5. Education / Training

 1. General information
The Hellenic Police is comprised of both central and regional services. Its Headquarters is the supreme authority over these services within the framework of the Ministry of Interior's policy. For this reason it schedules, directs, oversees and monitors the activities of its services, ensuring the necessary conditions for the exercise of its authority. 

2. Functions and missions
The Hellenic Police assumed its present structure in 1984 with the merger of  the Gendarmerie (Chorofylaki) and Urban Police Services (Elliniki Astynomia).
The Hellenic Police (EL.AS) is a law enforcement agency with a mission to: 

  • ensure peace and order, as well as citizens' unhindered social development, including general policing duties and traffic safety;
  • prevent crime and protect the State and democratic governence within the framework of constitutional order, including the implementation of public and state security policy.

3. Structure and organization
The National Chief of Police, who holds the rank of Lieutenant General, directs the service, reporting directly to the Minister of Interior. He is elected to serve for a two-year term and may be extended for one more year. The service's hierarchy includes the Deputy Chief of Police, Chief of Staff and General Inspector, with the latter also holding the rank of Lieutenant General.

Special Services include a Special Violent Crime Squad and a Special Anti-terrorist Unit, as well as Divisions for Forensics, Internal Affairs, International Police Co-operation, Informatics, and Department of Explosive Devices Disposal, in addition to the Police Air Force Service, Special Guards Unit, Border Guards and Unit of Police Dogs.

For an organization chart,  please visit the 4. Staff data
Police staff consists of police officers and civilians, Border Guards and Special Police Guards. Pay scales for police officers are identical to those of armed forces' officers. 

Women and men in the police service receive equal treatment with regard to recruitment, training, working hours, remuneration and gear they are entitled to carry. As of March 2009, over 6.250 women worked for the Hellenic Police, representing more than 11.6 % of the staff. 

5. Education / Training
The Police Academy is a self-contained, central service of the Hellenic Police Headquarters. Its objective is to provide training, re-training and education for its officers` corps. The Academy consists of the: 

  • Police Officers School, a university-level institution geared to train future police lieutenants (eight semesters);
  • Police Constable School that trains cadets to become capable officers and investigators (five semesters);
  • National Security School opened in 1997 with the goal of providing further education and training to top-ranked Hellenic Police executives in all matters related to  national security strategies and policies (six months);
  • School of Further Education and Training focused on training, specializing and further educating the Hellenic Police staff (1-9 months, depending on the department).

 

Attachments

  Hellenic Police - Organization Chart [English] (594.26 Kb) Hellenic Police - Organization Chart [English] (Format: ) http://polis.osce.org/countries/view?item_id=20&attach_id=190
Organization chart of the Hellenic Police in English (Source: Official website of the Hellenic Police)
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Links

Ministry of the Interior - Greece  Ministry of the Interior - Greece http://www.ypes-dt.gr/main.php?lang=EN
Official website of the Ministry of the Interior, available in Greek and English.

Ministry of Justice - Greece  Ministry of Justice - Greece http://www.ministryofjustice.gr/site/el/%CE%91%CE%A1%CE%A7%CE%99%CE%9A%CE%97.aspx
Official website

Hellenic Police - Greece  Hellenic Police - Greece http://www.astynomia.gr/index.php?option=ozo_content&perform=view&id=34&Itemid=13&lang=EN
Official website of the Hellenic Police

OSCE/ ODIHR Legislationline - Greece  OSCE/ ODIHR Legislationline - Greece http://www.legislationline.org/topics/country/27/topic/12
Legislationline is a gratis internet-based legislative database published and maintained by the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR).

Annual Report on Organized Crime in Greece for the Year 2004  Annual Report on Organized Crime in Greece for the Year 2004 http://www.astynomia.gr/index.php?option=ozo_content&perform=view&id=92&Itemid=84&lang=EN
Report issued by the Greek Ministry of Public Order

Last Updated: 30 April 2009

Also see: Bulgaria, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Albania, Cyprus