Admission to the OSCE: 30 January 1992
Policing overview: Policing activities in Belarus fall under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Other relevant bodies include the Ministry for Emergency Situations and the Presidential Guards.
The powers of the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Belarus in the area of policing are defined in the Police Act of the Republic of Belarus of 26 February 1991.
Among other things, the Ministry of the Interior:
The Belarusian police is an armed government agency responsible for protecting the life, safety, rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of citizens, society and the State against criminal and other illegal activities.
The responsibilities of the police are to:
The Belarusian police consists of the criminal police, the public safety police, the special transport police and the organized crime and corruption police.
1. General information
The judicial system of the Republic of Belarus is based on the principles of territoriality and specialization. The establishment of extraordinary courts is prohibited. Judges are independent and subject only to the law.
The judicial system comprises the Constitutional Court, the law (general) courts and courts authorized to hear cases of an economic nature.
The law (general) courts include: district (municipal), intergarrison military and provincial (oblast) courts as well as the Minsk Municipal Court, the Belarusian military courts and the Supreme Court of the Republic of Belarus.
The courts authorized to hear cases of an economic nature include: the Supreme Economic Court of the Republic of Belarus, provincial economic courts and the Minsk Municipal Economic Court, all of which, within the scope of their competence, administer justice in business (economic) matters.
All court proceedings are conducted on the basis of the principle of territoriality. Appeals against district court rulings can be examined by a provincial court. The Supreme Court examines cassational appeals in connection with provincial or district court rulings. The Constitutional Court verifies that laws and other statutory instruments are in accordance with the Constitution.
The prosecutorial authorities system is based on the same principles as the judicial system discussed above, but differs from it in that it involves a number of interregional, specialized and military establishments.
Last Updated: 15 May 2011