This report provides an overview of the police-related programmes and projects, implemented by the OSCE executive structures, including the thematic units in the Secretariat, the institutions and the field operations, during 2013.
The topics that continued to dominate OSCE’s policing agenda were the promotion of the principles of democratic policing and the fight against transnational threats, including those emanating from organized crime and terrorism.
With a total number of some 1,200 activities, 2013 witnessed a notable increase in the absolute number of activities compared to 2012.1 As the OSCE does not have either the mandate or the means for conducting operational policing activities, the main focus of police assistance was devoted to three areas of support: legislative and strategic support, support in training and capacity building, and the facilitation of study tours and conference participation of host State representatives abroad. Training and capacity building continued to receive most attention, with more than four-fifths of all activities concentrating on this field of assistance. While legislative and strategic support activities along with training and capacity building projects received slightly more attention in comparison with 2012, the number of activities in facilitating study tours and the participation of national stakeholder at conferences abroad remained almost the same, thus proportionally decreasing in comparison to the other areas of assistance.
More than two-thirds of all police-related activities were dedicated to addressing general police development and reform, with an approximate 50-percent increase from 2012. Meanwhile, the amount of anti-organized crime activities implemented in 2013 stayed at the same level.
In the field of general police development and reform, activities devoted to enhancing and consolidating community policing/police-public partnership projects were still most common among the executive structures (almost one-third of all activities), particularly in South-Eastern Europe, as well as in Kyrgyzstan and Armenia. The number of community policing activities even grew by more than 50 percent compared to the year 2012. It is also worth mentioning that the OSCE field operations in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and in Kyrgyzstan continued co-locating some 30 community police experts to project sites who conducted intensive mentoring of their national counterparts at a daily basis. Efforts in enhancing police accountability, assistance in strategic planning of police reform, and activities addressing domestic violence were the other three areas that received most attention by the executive structures upon request of their host States. Training development, police-media relations, border and customs activities as well as public order management also received notable attention.
With regard to the fight against organized crime, activities related to the fight against trafficking in human beings (THB) remained the most prominent field of work, with one-third of all project activities devoted to this topic. These projects were particularly in the focus of the field operations in Eastern Europe. The fight against illicit drugs and chemical precursors received the second greatest attention with an increase of some 40 percent, outnumbering activities on counter-terrorism. Cyber security/cybercrime as well as criminal analysis and investigations also received notable attention, followed by activities that addressed anticorruption, forensics and financial investigations. A number of activities were also devoted to travel document security.