This report provides an overview of the police-related programmes and projects, implemented by the OSCE executive structures, including the thematic units in the Secretariat, the institutions and the field operations, during 2015.
Over three quarters of all police-related activities were dedicated to addressing general police development and reform, an increase from 2014. Activities devoted to enhancing and consolidating community policing/police-public partnership projects were still the most common, particularly in South-Eastern Europe, as well as in Armenia and Tajikistan. The proportion of activities devoted to community policing added up to nearly half of all police development and reform related activities, an increase of 8% from 2014. Efforts to enhance police accountability through police development and reform within security sector reform (SSR), addressing gender-based and domestic violence, and police monitoring and confidence building were the other three areas that received most attention.
With regard to the fight against transnational threats, activities related to organized crime in general was the most prominent field of work, especially in the field operations in Kyrgyzstan, Serbia, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, adding up to about 20% of all activities devoted to this topic. This was directly followed by activities related to countering trafficking in human beings, mostly implemented in the field operations in Albania, Montenegro, Ukraine and Armenia. Activities on counter-terrorism and fighting violent extremism and radicalisation that lead to terrorism (VERLT) and cybercrime received the third and fourth greatest attention.
The two major police-related conferences in 2015 brought together over 270 representatives from participating States and Partners for Co-operation, and international and regional organizations. The 2015 Annual Police Experts Meeting held in Belgrade in May focused on mechanisms to respond to growing connections between organized crime, and trafficking in human beings and irregular migration. The OSCE-wide 2015 Illicit Drugs Conference in Vienna, in September, examined ways to enhance mechanisms to address the increasing supply of illicit drugs to young people.