Policing Overview

The Monaco Police Department is administered by the Direction of Public Safety which was created on June 23, 1902 and is subject to the Ministry of the Interior. Additionally, the Palace Guard (Prince's Company of Carabiniers) oversee the Prince's Palace and ensure the security of the Sovereign and assist law enforcement in times of need. The Fire & Emergency Service (Corps des Sapeurs-Pompiers) is a military force which is tasked with several civil defence duties.

Border Security and Management Overview

The Marine and Airport Police Division of the Monaco Police Force is tasked with border control duties.  

Cyber/ICT Security Overview

The Monaco Cyber Security Agency is the national authority responsible for the security of information systems.

Monaco Police Department

Functions and missions

The Police Department is tasked with maintaining public order and the security of persons and property. It also performs the duties of criminal investigation police under conditions defined by the law. The Commissioner of Police also carries out all of the duties relating to administrative and criminal policing laid down by the law.

Structure and organisation

The Police Department is composed of the following divisions:

  • The Police Commissioner's Office
  • Urban Policing Division
  • Administrative Police Division
  • Criminal Investigation Division:
  • Administration and Training Division
  • Marine and Airport Police Division
  • General Intelligence Division


The police officers of the Monaco Police Department are trained at the Police Academy, which:

  • Deals with applications to become police recruits whether graduate entry, at constable level or as police social workers.
  • Provides initial training and vocational training for all police officers
  • Teaches road safety in schools and within specialized organisations for maladjusted children
  • Welcomes and supervises schoolchildren and university students doing work experience placements with the Police
  • Designs, drafts and prints technical documentation to facilitate staff training and to provide extensive resources for those wishing to apply for internal competitive tests and exams
  • Participates in training officials from other departments of the Administration

Additionally, the Human Resources Subdivision also houses the Traineeships Office, which organises all professional ongoing training courses, some of which take place outside Monaco. 


Oversight of the Monaco Police Department is performed by the Police Anti-Corruption Squad,. It is part of the Police Commissioner's Office and is under the direct authority of the Minister of Interior. The Squad intervenes when instructed to do so by the Minister of State or the Minister of Interior or, with the latter's agreement, upon request from the Commissioner of Police. It carries out administrative inspections, audits and studies to appreciate, assess or improve the organisation and functioning of Police Units. It also performs internal investigations to ensure compliance with police ethics. Its reports may be used during administrative or disciplinary proceedings. Additionally, cases may be referred to the Squad by the Courts, pursuant to the law and, in particular, the Code of Criminal Procedure, if civil servants or other government officials from the Police Department are involved.

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Palace Guard

Functions and missions

Since its creation, the Palace Guard's (Company of the Prince’s Carabiniers) mission has been to guard the Palace and protect the Royal Family. It also upholds the rule of law and public order and participates in most official ceremonies taking place in Monaco. More precisely, their role is:

  • To guard the Palace, with a changing of the guard ceremony each day at 11.55 am;
  • To ensure the security of His Serene Highness the Sovereign Prince and the Princely Family, all of His properties and residences and their immediate vicinity;
  • To provide a guard of honour (official ceremonies, civil and religious ceremonies, ceremonial parades), to ensure that laws are enforced and participate in maintaining public order and carry out all duties ordered by the Prince.

Additionally, one further task incumbent upon the Palace Guard is their contribution to the Monegasque Red Cross. They are all qualified in first aid and run the Red Cross ambulance brigade. In this regard, they participate in providing security for key sporting or artistic events taking place in the Principality.

The Palace Guards participate in implementing emergency plans: Plan Red or ORMOSE (Monegasque emergency plans) to deal with serious incidents that might cause extensive damage to persons and property.

The Palace Guards have a team of qualified divers who participate in:

  • Security measures at key sporting events in Monegasque waters
  • Underwater scientific observations for various studies carried out in the Mediterranean

Structure and organisation

Together with the Corps des Sapeurs-Pompiers de Monaco, the Palace Guard forms the military defence of Monaco. There are a number of specialist units within the Palace Guard, which include a motorcycle section (for rapid-response and motorcycle outriding); a bodyguard and protection unit; a diving unit with military, rescue and scientific capabilities; a military first-aid unit that provides first-aid and ambulance cover at public and sporting events; and a military band.


The Palace Guard is subject to the Ministry of the Interior.

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The Fire & Emergency Service

Functions and missions

Civil Protection Services are composed of the Fire and Emergency Service and the Palace Guards. Its duties involve:

  • Fighting fires
  • Combating chemical or radiological risks
  • Providing rescue services for victims of road accidents
  • Providing an emergency response for sick or injured persons at home and their transport
  • Assistance for animals in difficulty
  • Protecting property against risks of all kinds (meteorological, technological, etc.)
  • Fighting pollution on land

The Company carries out surveillance and prevention with regard to fire risks at the Prince's Palace, the Oceanographic Museum and during key sporting, artistic or cultural events (Formula 1 Grand Prix, International Circus Festival, football matches, etc.).

In parallel to its operational duties as such, the Fire and Emergency Service devotes much work to fire risk prevention.

In addition, the Fire and Emergency Service carries out Civil Security duties:

  • Preparing National Security Plans
  • Permanent contact with international organizations regarding major natural and technological risks
  • Cooperation with developing countries (Mauritania, Burkina Faso) in collaboration with the Department of International Cooperation

The Unit also has a detachment to intervene during natural or technological disasters as part of international civil security aid.

Structure and organisation

The Fire & Emergency Service consists of nine separate subdivisions:

  • General Service (Human Resources)
  • Logistics Support Bureau
  • IT Unit
  • Sports Training and Instruction Bureau
  • Prevention & Forecasting Bureaux
  • Administrative Services
  • Technical Services
  • Civil Safety Bureau
  • Operations, Transmission and Planning Bureau


The Fire & Emergency Service is subject to the Ministry of the Interior.

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Monaco Cyber Security Agency

Functions and missions

The Monaco Cyber Security Agency is the national authority responsible for the security of information systems. The agency is an information security and cyber-attack expertise and response centre, and has the following remit :

  • To prevent, detect and respond to cyber attacks, including by providing advice and introducing regulations, detection systems, alert systems and an incident response capability
  • To lead and coordinate the response to crisis situations caused by cyber attacks
  • To evaluate and certify the security of information technology products and systems
  • To evaluate providers of certification and electronic signature services
  • To represent the Principality within international cyber security bodies and in dealings with other cyber-attack expertise and response centres
  • To raise awareness and encourage public services and critical infrastructure operators to pay attention to cyber security requirements
  • To monitor the level of security deployed by critical infrastructure operators, with the collaboration of the Department of Electronic Communications as regards electronic communications network operators or suppliers of telecommunications and Internet access services

Structure and organisation

The agency's missions stated above give rise to the organisation in three areas in addition to the management:

  • An area of expertise, responsible for technical expertise, technical assistance and assistance with all the activities linked to security products and services
  • An operational expertise centre, for response and appropriate action, which is responsible for the prevention and detection of cyber attacks on information systems and taking appropriate action

A regulatory and external relations area, which sets out regulations, deals with external relations and coordinates the Agency's interventions 


The Monaco Cyber Security Agency is under the authority of the Minister of State.

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Criminal Justice System

The 1962 Constitution of Monaco laid down all justice-related principles. Accordingly, justice was to be dispensed and upheld by the courts in the name of the Prince of Monaco. Because the judiciary was created totally independent from the executive power, there is no Counsellor for Justice within the Government of Monaco. The Director of the Department reports to the Prince and his/her role and powers are comparable to those of a Minister of Justice.

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