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Criminal Intelligence and Ethics


Material for a 5-day course, developed by the OSCE Mission in Kosovo with the assistance of the Turkish National Police Academy


Government and law enforcement agencies have a substantial role in providing intelligence for protecting the citizens against threats and crimes. Intelligence has different meanings: a) Intelligence is information that has a secret side; b) It means a process including ‘Intelligence Cycle’ in order to produce intelligence from raw information; c) It is an organization providing intelligence; d) It means a group of people working in and for the intelligence organizations; and e) The other meaning of intelligence includes all set of activities done by intelligence organizations.

In democratic countries there is open system and citizens need to know how governmental intelligence agencies especially law enforcement agencies work and how they fail in providing intelligence product for the good of the society. In order to avoid intelligence failure and provide efficient intelligence there are some democratic control mechanism and ethical consideration in democratic countries to regulate intelligence units and their activities and hold them accountable for their acts. Intelligence must operate within a legal and ethical framework. Public servants must not confuse public interest with personal interest. A highly developed ethical sense is critical for those who serve in the intelligence services. How a democratic public can be assured that intelligence services acting in their name operate within that public’s values. This should be examined.

The training will enhance capacities of Kosovo law enforcement agencies in providing criminal intelligence for protecting the citizens against threats and crimes in compliance with the ethical and democratic standards.

5-day training program should include the following themes:

  • Defining Intelligence and the Intelligence process
  • Role of the Policy Maker in the Intelligence Process
  • Executive, legislative and judicial oversight of intelligence
  • The Role of the Media and Public Awareness in Democratic control of intelligence
  • Ethical and Moral Issues
  • Challenges for the Future

The goal of this course is to provide the participants with a general introduction of intelligence and its different meanings, governmental deviance, ethics, democratic control of intelligence. And provide a deep discussion about the unethical behaviour examples from the intelligence field and their outcomes.

At the end of this lesson, participants will be able to:

  1. Understand the meaning of intelligence, governmental deviant acts, ethics, and the democratic control mechanism of intelligence. 
  2. They will understand how unethical behaviours arise in both institutional and individual levels.