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Lesson #06: Probable cause / Reasonable grounds


Material for a 1-hour lesson, part of the Domestic Violence Course, developed by the Kosovo Police Service School


An officer who makes an arrest must have probable cause to do so. This standard is more than a mere hunch or suspicion that a suspect has committed an offense, but less than proof beyond a reasonable doubt.

The probable cause or reasonable cause standard applied to domestic violence crimes is no different than the standard applied to all other crimes. There is no requirement that there be corroborating physical evidence or visible injury to establish probable cause. This means the word of the victim alone, if believed is sufficient grounds for establishing probable cause.

The goal of this training is to review the meaning of “probable cause/reasonable grounds” as it applies to the law and the investigation of criminal offenses.

At the end of this lesson the participants should be able to:

  1. Clarify the proper application of the “probable cause/reasonable grounds” standard to domestic violence cases as explained in the lesson.
  2. Identify probable cause/reasonable grounds indicators while investigating Domestic Violence cases as explained in the lesson.