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Lesson #25: Theft Offenses (Severe Theft and Robbery)


Material for a 2-hour lesson, part of the Basic Training Program of Macedonian Police, developed by the Police Development Unit of the OSCE Spillover Monitor Mission to Skopje.


This lesson will provide the students with a review of the following crimes: Severe Theft and Robbery. Robbery with force will not be reviewed as this offence is very rarely prosecuted. Police officers have sufficient powers under other offences to arrest a suspect who may have committed a Robbery with Force. The Public Prosecutor will determine whether or not to prosecute for Robbery with Force, after examining all the evidence collected. By the conclusion of the lesson, students should be thoroughly familiar with all theft-related offences under the applicable law in Macedonia and have the basic
knowledge of the correct procedures for investigating these crimes.

The purpose of this lesson is to review with the students the crimes of severe theft and robbery (under Criminal Code, Articles 236, 237, and 238), and to take this information a step further to apply the appropriate investigative procedure.

At the conclusion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  1. Identify the elements that must be present to determine whether or not a Severe Theft has occurred.
  2. Identify the elements that must be present to determine if a Robbery has occurred.
  3. Identify the different types of robbery a police officer may encounter.
  4. List the correct procedures for investigating severe thefts and robberies, both in progress and not in progress.