Material for a 6-hour lesson, part of the Basic Training Program of Macedonian Police, developed by the Police Development Unit of the OSCE Spillover Monitor Mission to Skopje.
Domestic Violence is a serious crime wherein victims are in great danger in the place where they should feel safest, within their own homes, at the hands of those with whom they should feel safest, their family members. Its consequences are not only devastating for the family members but they are also important for the general public socially and financially, putting a strain on the public health system, community support resources, as well as the general climate of security and common values within a community.
Unfortunately, cultural beliefs in the society affect the way in which domestic violence is handled. These beliefs held by many people may or may not be true. They may be dangerous not only because they mask the true nature of the domestic violence problem, but also because they sustain the stereotypes about gender relationships and give legitimacy to this behavior.
This lesson will address these issues in order to heighten awareness of the Macedonian police officer toward domestic violence as a crime. A definition of the crime of Domestic Violence will be provided at the beginning of the lesson, followed by a brief description of how the cycle of violence usually takes form in the family sphere. The lesson will then review the common misconceptions and
resistance related to Domestic Violence, the required police response, and, finally, the methodology to be used by police officers when interviewing victims.
The goal of this lesson is to provide students with an understanding of the crime of domestic violence in all its aspects: definitions, associated myths, possible causes, and the Cycle of Violence. Students will also learn of the means by which the Macedonian Police, must respond to this issue and tips on how to handle cases.
At the conclusion of this lesson, the students will be able to: