The National Strategy for the Prevention and Countering of Terrorism for 2017–2021 defines the basic and lasting commitments, values and objectives of the policy of the Republic of Serbia in the field of prevention and countering of terrorism, and establishes a strategic-doctrinal framework of a comprehensive response to this threat, with an emphasis on the prevention of possible attacks with the support and participation of a wider social community.
The purpose of this Strategy is to protect the Republic of Serbia from the terrorist threat to its citizens, values and interests, while at the same time supporting international efforts to counter terrorism. This purpose shall be achieved, inter alia, by implementing targeted and designed measures at the doctrine level, through developing and enhancing the security culture of society and promoting particular values, as well as at the normative and institutional level, through the improvement of capacities to prevent and counter terrorism, in particular capacities to counter violent extremism and radicalisation leading to terrorism as an increasingly pronounced phenomenon. Strategic objectives in the field of prevention will be achieved through measures aimed at preventing causes and mitigating the factors that promote radicalisation leading to terrorism, as well as early identification of radicalisation, and measures aimed at preventing a terrorist attack being planned or prepared. Early prevention measures will be complemented with measures preventing the spreading of radicalisation and violent extremism, efforts aimed at deradicalisation and reintegration of radicalized persons.
The purpose of the Strategy will be fulfilled through four priority areas with clearly defined strategic objectives and concrete activities for their achievement, which will be defined by the Action Plan for Implementation of the Strategy, which forms its integral part.
In developing the Strategy, generally accepted international standards and assumed international-legal obligations were used, particularly those enshrined in the United Nations Charter, the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, and the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism. Furthermore, the Strategy upholds the objectives and values of the European Union Counter-Terrorism Strategy, including other basic international counter-terrorism tools, as well as guidelines, priorities and efforts aimed at the prevention and suppression of violent extremism and radicalisation leading to terrorism, including all the current and future documents of relevant European institutions.
The Strategy is based on principles and values enshrined in the Constitution, and is harmonized with valid legislation of the Republic of Serbia. The purpose and objectives of the Strategy are harmonized with the basic strategic documents in the Republic of Serbia in the field of security and countering of terrorism, in particular with the National Security Strategy of the Republic of Serbia.