The forum is organised by the OSCE Transnational Threats Department (TNTD)/Action against Terrorism Unit (ATU), in order to promote implementation of the Ministerial Council Decision No. 6/07 on Protecting Critical Energy Infrastructure from Terrorist Attack through the publication of a "Good Practices Guide on Non-Nuclear Critical Energy Infrastructure (NNCEI) Protection from Terrorist Attacks", focusing on threats emanating from cyberspace.
Energy security and energy infrastructure security are among the most serious security and economic challenges of today, and the future. As the economies of the world grow more interconnected and societies continue to develop, so does the importance of energy; and so does the importance of the infrastructures that produce, refine and transport this energy.
In recent years, protecting critical energy infrastructure against terrorism has received increased attention from the international community. Since critical energy infrastructure contains the fuel that keeps the global economy moving and our societies working, our dependency on such infrastructure makes it a possible target for terrorists. Researchers indeed suggest that the threat of terrorist and other non-state actor attacks on critical energy infrastructure, especially on industrial control systems and cyber-related infrastructure is growing. The disruption or destruction of energy-related infrastructure could have a serious impact at both national and international levels.
Protecting critical energy infrastructure from terrorist attacks is an issue particularly salient for the OSCE, whose 56 participating States, as well as Partners for Co-operation, include some of the largest producers and consumers of energy as well as many strategic transit countries. OSCE participating States adopted in November 2007 a Ministerial Council Decision on Protecting Critical Energy Infrastructure from Terrorist Attack, whereby they committed to co-operate and better co-ordinate and to consider all necessary measures at the national level in order to ensure adequate critical energy infrastructure protection from terrorist attack.
The objective of the OSCE/TNTD/ATU project on “Good Practices Guide on Non-Nuclear Critical Energy Infrastructure Protection from Terrorist Attacks” focusing on threats emanating from cyberspace is to compile and publish a Good Practices Guide on protecting non-nuclear critical energy infrastructure from attacks particularly on cyber-related infrastructure.
The intent of the project is to raise awareness of the risk of terrorist threat to NNCEI, particularly on industrial control systems and cyber-related infrastructure, among all stakeholders and to promote the implementation of good practices for protecting this infrastructure.