OSCE Police Assistance Programme for Kyrgyzstan
The OSCE Police Assistance Programme for Kyrgyzstan was formulated in response to an invitation by the Kyrgyzstan government for assistance to modernize and strengthen law enforcement capacity and institution building in Kyrgyzstan.
Projects within the Programme
- Improving the Quality of Police Investigations – Crime scene groups in Bishkek City Police Directorate and Pervomaisky District Police Station equipped with vehicles and crime scene equipment; database with detailed crime scene information set up to help identify, prevent and investigate serial and repeat crime; investigators trained in modern techniques for identifying and handling evidence and conducting efficient crime scene search. The Criminal Police in Bishkek will be fully equipped with a modern and secure system of radiocommunications. All these measures will directly contribute to crime prevention and the strengthening of public security.
- Improving Police Capacity for Drug Interdiction – Mobile teams equipped with drug-scenting dogs will be set up in Bishkek, Osh (two main transit points for heroin and opium from Afghanistan through Tajikistan to Kazakhstan, Russia and possibly Central Europe and the EU) and in affected provinces. Two permanent checkpoints will be constructed and fully equipped for search of vehicles on roads leading from Osh/Jalal-Abad to Bishkek and from Bishkek to Almaty. This project has been designed and will be implemented in co-ordination with the United Nations Office for Drugs and Crime, and build upon earlier technical assistance provided by the latter.
- Setting up a Modern and Efficient Emergency Call Response Centre – Modern communications and data management equipment will be provided to the main emergency call response centre; direct communications established with all the District Police Station in the capital to provide an efficient response. This project will also have a confidencebuilding effect on the relations between the police and the public.
- Setting up the Core of a National Criminal Information Analysis System – Specialized units will be set up in the Ministry of the Interior, Bishkek and Osh City Police Directorates and District/Provincial Police Directorates and tasked with collection and analysis of operational information. Their officers will be trained in analytical techniques. They will be supported by a modern computerized analytical system, which will also facilitate international exchange of analytical materials. This new system will enhance the ability of the Kyrgyz Police to monitor and disrupt major crime, including organized, economic and related to extremist terrorism in their own country and participate in international measures.
- Pilot Introduction of Community Policing Methods – Principles of community policing will be implemented in the Pervomaisky District Police Station in the capital. A new service of community inspectors will be created through the merging of the patrol service and the neighbourhood inspectors’ service. Their job description will be revised to focus on direct contact with and provision of services to the population; posts will be filled on the basis of vacancy announcements and competitive evaluation of applications. The objective is to encourage the population to take greater interest and part in crime prevention and to strengthen the policepopulation partnership.
- Strengthening the Police Capacity to Prevent Conflict and Manage Public Disorder – Two special units for preventing public disorder will be set up, equipped and trained. New training programmes in crowd management, de-conflicting, negotiating skills and use of less-then-lethal force will be developed and delivered in the Police Academy. The Research Centre of the Ministry of the Interior will be provided with resources to conduct strategic monitoring and analysis of the tensions in the society to predict and prevent public disorder.
- Strengthening the Police Academy – The curriculum will be significantly revised to introduce new disciplines and areas of police work, including human rights, police management, prevention of juvenile delinquency, modern techniques of operational and investigative work.
The Projects included in the Programme are self-standing and aim at achieving sustainable results. At the same time, they form the functional basis for the broader and longer-term police development strategies that will directly support implementation of police reform. An inter-agency State Commission has been created for the elaboration of a corresponding concept under the auspices of the Office of the President. An invitation to OSCE to assign its representative as a full-fledged member of the Commission has been received and is under consideration.
The Programme contains definition of achievable outcomes and the milestones (achievement indicators) by which progress towards them will be measured. Each project will be independently evaluated as to its efficiency and effectiveness at a suitably early moment in its delivery and at its conclusion.