The goal of the project is to set up two Public Order Management Units trained in preventing conflicts and managing public order.
Public order management is a part of conflict management. Conflict management reflects conflict culture and conflict culture is a result of the democratisation process. The main incentive given to the democratisation process in Kyrgyzstan was the collapse of the Soviet empire in 1991 and the declaration of the Kyrgyz Republic as an independent state. As a consequence of various reforms, Kyrgyzstan became one of the showpieces for economic and social change among the former Soviet Republics. During the term of office of its first president, internal tensions towards the second half of the Nineties and the 2000s became a touchstone for democratisation and conflict management.
In 2002 a contested court case triggered off violent clashes in Aksy Rayon, during which the police fired on an angry crowd. The conflict turned violent; the state representatives used their most extreme means of ‘conflict management’. During the aftermath of the clashes the need for sound conflict prevention and management skills among the members of the police has been raised repeatedly. A set of tasks in the field of public order management has been reflected and recommended for implementation within the framework of the Police Assistance Programme, including the creation of a Centre for Public Disorder Prevention and Resolution, analysing and improving public order policing and the setting up of a specialized anti-riot unit. Recent events (March 24–25th 2005) have demonstrated the need to continue to develop measures, which could strengthen the police capacity to prevent conflicts and manage public order.
Task 1: Create, equip and train two public order management units
Task 2: Fit out and upgrade the Centre for Conflict Resolution and Public Disorder Prevention
Task 3: Increase awareness of strategic situation analysis and preventive action against the threat of public
Task 4: Institutionalise the VPG