On 24 April, the Office together with the US Embassy in Kazakhstan and the Austrian Interior Ministry started a month-long Canine Explosive Search Training Programme. Eleven canine specialists from the Interior Ministry, the National Guard and the State Protection Service were trained by the Head of the Canine Centre at Austria’s Interior Ministry. The course included advanced techniques and methods for service dogs through hands-on training using positive reinforcement on detection of explosives and their components. Participants and their service dogs were trained on the theoretical foundations of dog training, protocol in searching and passive indicative behaviour. The course is organized to support the canine capacities of Kazakhstan’s law enforcement agencies on explosives detection in preparation for Expo 2017.