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OSCE Guidebook: Intelligence-Led Policing


This guidebook presents intelligence-led policing (ILP) as a modern and proactive law enforcement model, and a realistic alternative to traditionally reactive forms of policing for OSCE participating States. ILP, which has already been adopted in a number of countries in recent years with promising results, combines intelligence gathering, evaluation and analysis with informed decision-making procedures and mechanisms, thus providing more efficient and effective management of national law enforcement.


Today’s law enforcement is facing more complex challenges than ever before. At the same time, public demands for greater effectiveness, efficiency and accountability of the police have been raised considerably. Intelligence-led policing (ILP) developed in recent years as a response to these growing challenges. The model not only provides a modern approach to identifying and planning countermeasures against increased transnational threats such as terrorism and organized crime, but can also be applied to day-to-day proactive planning and police management. At a time of austerity measures and budget constraints, ILP provides law enforcement management with methods and tools to identify priorities and allocate resources accordingly.

This guidebook addresses ILP from four main standpoints. First, it defines ILP and the rationale for promoting the model as a contemporary law enforcement approach, applicable to the OSCE area as a whole. Second, it covers the important subjects of human rights and data protection when implementing ILP. Third, it addresses the analysis of data and information, resulting in strategic and operational intelligence products being used as basis for informed and evidence-based decision-making. Fourth and finally, the guidebook introduces practical recommendations of national, regional and local organizational structures as well as the minimum standards needed for criminal intelligence departments and decision-making mechanisms.